Organisation of the Delta Programme
Since the launch of the Delta Programme, the central government, district water boards, provinces, and municipalities have been engaging in innovative forms of collaboration, with input from knowledge institutes, NGOs, businesses, and residents. The collaboration is substantiated at both the national and regional levels, and focuses on three issues: Flood Risk Management, Freshwater Supply, and Spatial Adaptation.
The essence of the Delta Programme is a national approach, with room for regional differentiation and commitment among all the stakeholders. Responsibilities and ownership are shared by the national government, provinces, municipalities, and district water boards.
Area-specific collaboration and implementation
The regional administrative consortia of these authorities are vitally important in order to be able to discuss the delta taskings in inter-connection with other area-related taskings. The scope of the taskings differs from one area to the next, as does their elaboration. Consequently, the administrative commitment will differ proportionately from one topic and one region to the next.
Each Delta Programme tasking features its own logical regional division, each with an appropriate administrative agenda. Support is provided by the authorities involved. The main tasks are the realisation and further elaboration of the Delta Decisions and Preferential Strategies; informing the Delta Programme Commissioner on the progress made; and providing advice regarding the annual proposal for the Delta Programme. Linkage with other regional consultative bodies and topics is ensured through personal unions. The administrative consultative bodies for the IJsselmeer Region and the Southwest Delta cover all three issues: Flood Risk Management, Freshwater Supply, and Spatial Adaptation.
Delta Programme Steering Group
At the national level, the Delta Programme Steering Group is responsible for administrative embedding and providing advice to the Delta Programme Commissioner. The Steering Group is composed of administrators of the umbrella organisations of regional water authorities, provinces, and municipalities; the Chairs of the Regional Consultative Bodies; and the Directors-General of the participating Ministries. The participating Ministries are: Infrastructure & Water Management, including Rijkswaterstaat; the Interior & Kingdom Relations; Agriculture, Nature & Food Quality; and Economic Affairs & Climate Policy. The Delta Programme Steering Group is chaired by the Delta Programme Commissioner.
Administrative coordination differs for each of the three issues.
- In the field of flood risk management, the Flood Risk Management Policy Platform was established in 2019. The Platform focuses on national short-term and long-term national flood risk management policy. It provides advice to the Minister of Infrastructure & Water Management, the Delta Programme Commissioner, and the Delta Programme Steering Group, with respect to issues such as the interconnectivity between flood risk management and other topics and area-specific Preferential Strategies;
- With respect to the freshwater supply, the Freshwater Administrative Platform coordinates administrative consultations between the seven freshwater supply regions and the main water system; this platform is responsible for the Delta Decision on Freshwater Supply and the Delta Plan on Freshwater Supply;
- The Spatial Adaptation Steering Group plays a similar role with respect to the elaboration of this topic; it is responsible for the Delta Plan on Spatial Adaptation.
Flood Risk Management
Seven regional consultative bodies are active in the area of Flood Risk Management: the National Consultation Committee on the Coast, the Administrative Consultation Committee for the Wadden Region, the Regional Consultative Body for the Southwest Delta, the Administrative Platform for the IJsselmeer Region, the Administrative Platfom for the Rhine, the Delta Programme Steering Group for the Meuse, and the Regional Consultative Body for the Rhine Estuary-Drechtsteden Region (see map). The regional consultative bodies will safeguard the inter-coordination of transitional areas, such as the IJssel-Vecht delta, Alblasserwaard and Krimpenerwaard, and the Amsterdam region.
The Flood Protection Programme plays a key role with regard to the implementation of the flood risk management measures. The Flood Protection Programme Management, a cooperative body of district water boards and Rijkswaterstaat, ensures inter-connectivity in the scheduling of the measures.
With respect to the rivers, the central government and the regional parties have set up an Integrated River Management (IRM) programme. Their aim is to collectively map out the taskings relating to flood risk management, water quality, navigability, freshwater availability, nature, spatial quality, and economic quality; to address the taskings in an interconnected manner; and to embed the approach in a policy framework, including a schedule of measures, in pursuit of the sustainable planning and management of the Dutch rivers. Administrative coordination regarding IRM is provided by the IRM Steering Group, composed of representatives of the Administrative Platform for the Rhine, the Delta Programme Steering Group for the Meuse, and the Delta Programme Commissioner.
Seven freshwater supply regions have embarked on the elaboration of the Delta Decision on Freshwater Supply and the implementation of the Delta Plan on Freshwater Supply, including preparations for the second round of freshwater supply measures. Consultations on the freshwater supply in the Elevated Sandy Soils East, Elevated Sandy Soils South, the area around the major rivers, West-Netherlands, and North-Netherlands are held in regional administrative consultation committees. The Administrative Platform for the IJsselmeer Region and the Regional Consultative Body for the Southwest Delta cover all three issues: Flood Risk Management, Freshwater Supply, and Spatial Adaptation. The Freshwater Supply programme office prepares the timetable for the implementation of freshwater supply measures, in collaboration with the governments and regions involved.
The ambitions, agreements, and actions set out in the Delta Plan on Spatial Adaptation call for close collaboration between all the governments. The partners have agreed to base their collaboration – particularly in terms of implementation – on a nationwide division into 42 Working Regions (see map). In each working region, the governments involved will collectively map out the vulnerabilities to waterlogging, heat, drought, and urban flooding. Together with residents, businesses, and NGOs they will set down ambitions to reduce such vulnerability and implement measures to this end. The working regions will monitor progress for the benefit of their own local and regional administrations. On the basis of this information, seven existing regional consultative bodies (see map) will report on the progress made with respect to spatial adaptation in the purview of the annual progress report by the Delta Programme Commissioner. The regional consultative bodies will foster interconnectivity with the other Delta Programme taskings (flood risk management and freshwater supply).
Cross-border transitional areas
The international catchment area committees and the bilateral supra-national cooperatives ensure coordination concerning the issues that affect cross-border transitional areas. This is coordinated by the Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management.
Increasing regional interconnectivity between the three Delta Programme taskings
One of the goals for the years ahead is to increase the interconnectivity between the three Delta Programme taskings: Flood Risk Management, Freshwater Supply, and Spatial Adaptation. Increasing interconnectivity within the National Delta Programme can enhance the effectiveness of the programme and simplify linkage with other spatial planning measures pertaining to, e.g., nature, agriculture, new houses, and the energy transition.
That is why the National Delta Programme partners are exploring whether the current (amended) Preferential Strategies can be developed into regional delta strategies, and to assess whether this process can be expanded to cover the entire country. It goes without saying that there will be room for a tailored approach, and that other proposals are welcomed. This intention can also lead to adjustments in governance and in the regional area structure in order to render the collaboration even more effective.
Link-up with other parties
The Delta Programme seeks active liaison with relevant parties, in particular the Security Regions, NGOs, and knowledge institutes
The Flood Management Steering Group plays a pivotal role in liaising with the Security Regions. In the regions, liaison with the Security Regions is established through the water board chairs and mayors involved in the regional consultative bodies.
NGOs are also involved in all the regions. Regional choices are discussed in regional consultative groups and meetings. The manner in which the NGOs are involved differs from one region to the next. An overview:
- IJsselmeer Region: the NGOs are organised in the Regional Consultative Body for the IJsselmeer Region. In addition, the Chair of this body sits on the IJsselmeer Region Administrative Platform in a consulting capacity.
- Rhine Rivers: since October 2015, two NGO representatives have been participating in the Rhine Administrative Platform: a representative of the Waal-Merwedes Reflection Group and a representative of the Consultative Group of the Regional Administrative Body on Water – Rhine East/Centre Consultative Group. NGOs are also involved in a wide range of projects and studies involving the rivers Waal, Merwedes, IJssel, and Nederrijn-Lek.
- Meuse Rivers: through the Meuse consultative group, NGOs provide advice to the Meuse Delta Programme Steering Group. In addition, the Chair of the consultative group sits on the Meuse Delta Programme Steering Group in a consulting capacity.
- Rhine Estuary-Drechtsteden: NGOs are involved in the implementation of the projects and participate in annual meetings.
- Southwest Delta: the NGOs and officially organised interest groups are represented through the Southwest Delta advisory group. The advisory group may provide solicited and unsolicited advice to the regional consultative body. The recommendations are submitted to the regional consultative body meetings by the independent Chair of the advisory group.
- Coast: NGOs along the coast provide input during the annual Coast Day.
- Wadden Region: NGOs are involved in annual events.
At the project level, societal brainpower and energy is also utilised in several ways in the purview of efficient projects and choices. In some cases, NGOs co-initiate projects; in other cases, they participate in individual projects, such as local area development.
Physical Environment Consultation Committee
At the national level, involvement of the NGOs is ensured through the Physical Environment Consultation Committee. This Committee advises the Delta Programme Commissioner regarding national choices and matters relating to the Delta Programme as a whole. With respect to the generic topics of freshwater supply and spatial adaption, the Committee also plays a key role in involving NGOs. The drinking water companies participate in the Freshwater Administrative Platform; NGOs in the agriculture, nature, shipping, and industrial use of water domains join the platform meetings once or twice a year.
The business community and research institutes
With regard to the involvement of the business community and the knowledge institutes, the National Water and Climate Knowledge and Innovation Programme and the Top Sector Water play an important liaison role.